All about youth friendly health services

Define the following terms 1. Youth Any person aged 14-25
2. Young people Any person aged 10-25
3. Adolescent Any person aged 10-19
4. Adolescence A transition period from childhood to adulthood

What changes do adolescent go through when they are growing up BOYS GIRLS
• Wet dreams
• Voice change
• Weight gain • On set menstruation
• Breast development
• Increase in height
List three needs of young people 1. Information, Education
2. Nutrition
3. Shelter

Mention three problems the youth face as they are growing 1. STIs including HIV/AIDS
2. Lack of parental Care
3. Unemployment

What is reproductive Health Is complete physical, mental and social well being in all matters relating to the reproductive health systems

List three reproductive health that youth require 1. Education on sexuality
2. Education on gender issues
3. Family planning counselling

List three modern contraceptive methods that can be accessed by young people 1. Oral contraceptives
2. Injectables
3. Implants

What are some of consequences of STIs Cancer of the cervix exposure to infection such as chlamydia, infertility due to untreated STIs
What do you understand by the term Youth Friendly Health Services Youth Friendly Health Services are high quality services that are relevant, accessible, attractive, affordable, appropriate and acceptable to young people
What are three factors hindering young people from accessing RH Services from the facilities 1. Attitude of health providers
2. Setting of structures
3. Lack of knowledge on availability of YFHS
What stretagies can be used for prevention of STIs among the youth 1. Education on STIs
2. Provision of dual protection contraceptives
3. Treatment of those infected
Why is adolescent pregnancy and child birth risky? Give two reasons 1. Higher severity of malaria
2. Obstructed Labour
Mention three factors that contribute to unsafe abortion in young people 1. Resorting to unskilled providers
2. Legal obstacles
3. Service-delivery factors
What is the role of health service providers in the prevention of unsafe abortion in the community By improving access to reproductive health information and services and involving community in protecting and safe-guarding adolescents
Define sexual assault? Any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwanted sexual comments or advances, or traffic women’s sexuality, using coercion, threats of harm or physical force by any person.
List three consequences of sexual abuse? 1. Unwanted pregnancies
2. Transmission of STIs/HIV
3. Infertility
Give one biological factor that increase the likelihood of HIV transmission in young people In young girls, inadequate mucosal defense mechanisms and the immature lining of the cervix provide a poor barrier against infection.
Why are HIV Testing and Counselling (HTC) important in young people? It is a gate way to prevention, care treatment and support of those affected and infected by HIV/AIDS
List some of the approaches to make youth friendly health services available to young people 1. Making services physically accessible by young people
2. Involving youth in planning
3. Offer privacy and avoid stigma

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When parents are concerned about their children

When parents are concerned about their children

FACTS FOR YOUNG PEOPLE

SEXUALY
TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
Sexually Transmitted Infection (STIs) is infections that people get during sexual intercourse (though some can be contracted through other means like kissing, mother to unborn babies etc)
Most common STIs are Gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, chancroid, genital herpes and genital warts. Another STI is Human Immuno-Defiency Syndrome (AIDS)

WHO CAN CONTRACT STIs?
Anybody can contract STIs as long as they have unprotected sex with infected person.
In young people these STIs can be avoided by total abstinence and consistence & correct use of condoms.

WHAT ARE THE BODY PARTS THAT ARE AFFECTED?
Mostly STIs affect sexual reproductive organs. However, these infections may also affect brain, eyes, liver and the skin if left untreated.

CATEGORIES OF SEXUALY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
Sexually Transmitted Infections are of two categories
The first category comprises of STIs whereby genital sores are the common signs. Examples of STIs in this category are Syphilis and Chancroid.

The second category comprises of STIs whereby infected people discharges pus from genitals and sometimes feels pains or burning sensation when passing out urine. Example of STIs in this category includes but not least gonorrhea and Trichomoniasis or Chlamydia.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF STIs
Some STIs have signs and symptoms that go away without treatment, however, the infection remains in the body and if untreated cause can damage to different body organs.
Some of signs and symptoms are as follows:-
• Bad smelling discharge from genital organs
• Rash, sores, lumps or blisters around or on the sex organ(s).
• Fever, chills and general body aches.
• Pain or burning sensation when passing out of urine.
• Sometimes pain during sexual intercourse.

CONSEQUENCES OF STIs
STIs are serious infections for both men boys and girls and elders as well. If not treated, they can cause:
• Damage to sex organs, normally leading to infertility (for both men and women) and difficult to urinate (stricture) in boys.
• Infections to unborn babies causing miscarriage, stillbirths, hindicaps and blindness.
• Dangerous pregnancies outside the womb (ectopic pregnancies)
• Death through heart disease and brain damage.
• HIV infection since the genital skin becomes more exposed.
• Premature deliveries

TREATMENT OF SEXUALY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
If anyone has symptoms of STIs, do the following:
• Get to the nearest Banja La Mtsogolo Clinic or any Health Centre and freely explain properly about your problem and the time you noticed signs of the infection.
• Allow medical tests be it physical or bloody to find out if there are other signs of the infection.
• Listen carefully about your problem and instructions from the medical personnel.
• Take all medicine or every Injectable as prescribed by the medical personnel even if signs and symptoms subside.
• Do not take other people’s medicines even though you have the same problem.
• Take your sexual partner(s) for treatment.
• Avoid sex until cured or use condoms correctly and consistently.
• If cured, go again to the clinic or hospital for check-up.

IMPORTANCE OF HIV TESTING AND COUNSELLING
HIV testing and counselling is an important entry point to prevention, treatment, care ansd support. It is crucial prevention intervention and is important opportunity for people who test negative.
Knowing one’s HIV status and receiving counselling and support can enable individuals to:
• Initiate or maintain behaviours to prevent acquiring or transmitting HIV

Learning about one’s HIV serostatus, with counselling support, can be a time when young people are open to making changes in their risk behaviour. This empowers those who are not infected to remain so, and those with HIV to access care and prevent further transmission.
Correct and consistenct use oondom must be activily promoted.

• Give early access to specific HIV-positive prevention, support care and treatment

Young people living with HIV will probably remain asymptomatic for a long period after a positive-HIV result. They can benefit from scaling up of ART only if they know their status.

YOUNG PEOPLE AND DRUG/SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Why most young people in Malawi resort to drug and substance abuse?

Most young people in Malawi mislead themselves by saying that they need drugs and alcohol to be a winner, to enjoy, to study and also to remove shyness

Some of the reasons as to why young people misuse and use drugs include:-
• Peer pressure
• Easy to get
• To seek peer approval
• Rapid social changes
• stress ands anxiety
• Lack of knowledge about dangers of drug abuse

To get full information on safer sex, HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention, drug abuse, STIs go to any clinics near you or youth clubs, organizations or

Tips on some common signs of pregnance

Missed Period – missing a menstrual period is regarded as the most obvious very early pregnancy symptom. However, many women have missed periods for other reasons and conditions. These reasons include illness, stress, hormone imbalance, adverse reactions to foods and ingestion of substances that result in some level of adverse reaction. For missing a period to be related to the very early symptoms of pregnancy, it should be confirmed by other means.Nasal Congestion: Sometimes the nose of the pregnant women becomes clog repeatedly. The proper knowledge helps the woman to understand that it is mainly because of nasal congestion which is an unusual sign of pregnancy. Nasal congestion contributes in giving even more uncomfortable and sleepless nights as is generally the case during seasonal flu. It sometimes results in the bleeding of nose as well. This nasal congestion is not accompanied by any other sign of seasonal cold. So whenever the woman who is expecting or planning pregnancy faces a repeated nasal congestion in the perfect weather

STI Tips for young people

If you are sexually active, you should be aware of the vast range of sexually transmitted diseases that can affect you. just have a glimpse at the guide to stds we’ve created below and explore everything you need to know.

There’s a vast variety of sexually transmitted infections and sexually transmitted diseases, so have a glimpse at the info we’ve provided below and learn how to safeguard yourself against them.

Stds or sexually transmitted infections are caught via various kinds of sexual contact, comprising of anal sex, oral intercourse & vaginal sex.

There’s many different sexually transmitted diseases & sexually transmitted infections, but we have provided info on some of the main ones below. If you require any more advice, don’t hesitate to contact a doctor or sexual health nurse.

Warts are a very common sexually transmitted infection. they’re caused by the hpv virus, which can be passed on during sexual contact. However, not everybody who suffers from the virus develops genital warts.

A number of sufferers discover the virus will clear from the body over time. its unusual for genital warts to cause any long-term health problems.

Gonorrhea is a really common sexually transmitted disease, which is due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae virus.

In addition to genitals, the virus also lives in the rectum, throat & the eyes. infected women can also pass gonorrhea to their newborn babies during childbirth, which gives babies eye infections & can eventually cause blindness if left untreated.

Gonorrhea can generally be well treated with antibiotics, which can be got from your dr.

If you think you might have an std or sti, there’s plenty sexual health clinics that’ll be able to offer tests and offer treatment. To find out where your locality clinic is, just get in touch with your local health authority who’ll be happy to assist you.

On the other hand, you could just visit you dr who’ll also be able to assist you. do not be nervous about the nature of your health problem – the doctor will frequently see similar sexual health issues.

The only way to be 100% safe from stds & sexually transmitted infections is abstaining from sex. inspite of the cost, if you are sexually active, you can protect you & your partner by undergoing regular std & sti tests. in addition to this, you should ensure you use a condom for any sort of sexual activity. this’ll also help protect you against unwanted pregnancy.

PROFILE OF LIMBIKA YOUTH ORGANISATION

PROFILE OF LIMBIKA YOUTH ORGANISATION

ESTABLISHMENT
Limbika Youth Organisation was established
on 4th May, 2001 after young people noted the
need of having it with the aim of promoting
youth participation in development works and
fighting against the further spread of
HIV/AIDS among productive ages in Malawi
and other life threatening issues affecting
youth.

REGISTRATION
Limbika got registered with Lilongwe District
Assembly in January, 2002 through District
Youth Office, Regional Youth Office in March,
2003 and affiliated to Banja La Mtsogolo,
MANASO, Malawi Human Rights
Commission in 2004.
On 7th November, 2005 Limbika got registered
with National Youth council of Malawi.

PROGRAMMES
Limbika was established to implement the
following programmes;
1. HIV/AIDS
2. Environmental Conservation
3. Youth Development
4. Human Rights promotion and
protection
5. Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health
6. General Civic Education
7. Agriculture
8. Sports

HIV/AIDS
From 2001 Limbika in partnership with Edzi
Kumudzi Association of Malawi has been
working in the field of HIV/AIDS prevention
and advocacy with much emphasis on
Behaviour change to reduce further spread of
the virus among productive ages and entire
Nation.
In 2006, Limbika sourced funds from
National Aids Commission through CARE Malawi
this was used to implement
Behaviour Change intervention targeting in
and out of school youth. The project assisted
the Organisation to train young people in the
basic facts of HIV/AIDS and the importance
of taking part in the fight against it (HIV).
After noted the gap in the behaviour change
project, Limbika sourced another funding
from the same National Aids Commission
through District assembly to implement a
Treatment Care and Support project
targeting all the people from Traditional
Authority Masumbankhumba. This project
was aimed at empowering orphans and less
privileged children economically through
training them in Tailoring and Tinsmith
One of strategies of raising HIV/AIDS
awareness among members of communities is
through open air meeting as shown below
HIV/AIDS awareness campaign

ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVENTION
With material support from Katete Forest
Reserve, Limbika has been planting trees in
areas around Malingunde hill in partnership
with the then Malingunde Youth Club. In
early 2005 Limbika had a Tree Nursery at
Mkoko, Yemba and Mabwera villages as one
way of setting an example of youth
participation in environmental conservation.
Currently, Limbika has plans of affiliating to
CURE in order be assisted in building
capacity of our field workers in environmental
conservation.

YOUTH DEVELOPMENT
With support of Computers from National
Youth Council of Malawi Limbika has trained
more than 60 Youths in computer operation
skills.
Having noted the need of computer skills in
this world of new technology, it is very hard
for young people from remotest area to find a
good job as many Organisations require
computer skilled people to be employed.
We are discussing with US embassy to
provide us financial support to construct a
Resource Centre which will assist us to train
more youth in different skills so that they are
able to use it in developing themselves and
their communities.
We will soon request National youth Council
of Malawi to train some youth in driving,